Virginia History Series Part I: #1 Indians in Virginia (Pre-history to 1600 with Notes on Historic Tribes) -- References
Carr, Lucien, "Report on the Exploration of a Mound in Lee Co., VA Conducted for the Peabody Museum", Vol.2, 1876-79, Reports of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, pgs 75-94 (1880)

Eckard, Chris, "Stone Tools and Archaeology of Virginia" [a web site at:

Egloff, Keith, and Woodward, Deborah, First People: The Early Indians of Virginia, Virginia State Department of
Historic Resources, Univ. Press of Virginia (1992)

Gardner, William M., Lost Arrowheads & Broken Pottery: Traces of Indians in the Shenandoah Valley,
Thunderbird Museum (1986)

Glanville, Jim, "Conquistadors at Saltville in 1567? A Review of the Archaeological and Documentary Evidence,"  The Smithfield Review, Vol. VIII, pgs. 70-108 (2004)"  On line at

Jefferson, Thomas, Notes on the State of Virginia, (1801)

Johnson-Humrickhouse Museum, "Old Questions, New Science: Reinterpreting Native American Origins in Light of Modern Methods and Technology (A Public Symposium)", Coshocton, Ohio (4/25/2009)

McAvoy, Joseph, "Discusses Cactus Hill Site" at

McDonald, Jerry N., "An Outline of the Pre-Clovis Archeology of SV-2, Saltville, Virginia, with Special Attention to a Bone Tool Dated 14,510 yr BP", Jeffersoniana No. 9, 11/30/2000, VA Museum of Natural History

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